This video is a part of our collection “The Numbers That Outlined 2022.”
Monica Potts: Some of the necessary numbers of 2022 was 9.1 p.c. That was the inflation fee in June — the best yearly improve since 1981.
Inflation affected all People, however its severity different by area. And as you may anticipate, low-income households have been hit the toughest. Many struggled to afford fundamentals like meals and lease. A report from The City Institute discovered that about 1 in 5 adults skilled family meals insecurity this summer time, which matched heights reached early within the pandemic.
Excessive costs modified the methods households made choices each large and small. As the costs of products rose, particularly in the summertime, households shifted their spending to purchase cheaper manufacturers and drove much less. Growing pet meals prices could have led to fewer households adopting pets and extra pets being relinquished to shelters. Some households downgraded their summer time holidays. And People spent their financial savings, and saved much less.
Inflation has since cooled a bit, however as of November, client costs have been nonetheless 7.1 p.c greater than they have been on the similar time final 12 months. And that’s affected the way in which households are celebrating the vacations. In a ballot from earlier than Christmas, 57 p.c of these surveyed mentioned that it was tougher to afford the presents they wished to purchase, up from 40 p.c the 12 months earlier than. And 11 p.c of respondents in one other ballot mentioned they anticipated taking up some quantity of debt for his or her vacation buying.
To manage this excessive inflation, the Federal Reserve raised its benchmark rate of interest greater than 4 proportion factors over the course of the 12 months, to the best level in 15 years. Most observers agree that’s more likely to trigger a recession. What’s much less clear is how dangerous will probably be, and whether or not it curbs inflation because it’s meant to do. These are the unknown questions 2023 is poised to reply, and why the inflation fee is without doubt one of the most necessary numbers of the previous 12 months.
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